We’ve updated our Terms of Use to reflect our new entity name and address. You can review the changes here.
We’ve updated our Terms of Use. You can review the changes here.
  • Streaming + Download

    Includes unlimited streaming via the free Bandcamp app, plus high-quality download in MP3, FLAC and more.
    Purchasable with gift card

      $10 USD  or more


  • Compact Disc (CD) + Digital Album

    Includes unlimited streaming of Todi via the free Bandcamp app, plus high-quality download in MP3, FLAC and more.
    ships out within 3 days

      $25 USD or more 


  • Full Digital Discography

    Get all 199 Michael Robinson releases available on Bandcamp and save 10%.

    Includes unlimited streaming via the free Bandcamp app, plus high-quality downloads of Dark Is the Sky, Passion Eyes, Above the World, Soul To Soul, A Thousand Things, Summer Skies, Across the Sands, Summer Kisses, and 191 more. , and , .

    Purchasable with gift card

      $1,000 USD or more (10% OFF)


Todi 58:04


Todi is one of the most famous Hindustani ragas, but paradoxically I never came across a recording that I truly enjoyed, and because it is a morning raga, I never heard it performed live as nearly all Indian classical concerts in the Western world are held in the evening.

Together with its musical prominence, Todi appears to be the raga most frequently depicted in surviving ragamalas, illustrating a young woman playing a vina in the forest adjacent to one or several deer that have gently approached her being enchanted by the music.

All of this inspired me to attempt my own composition, and it was a pleasant surprise to find myself extremely comfortable within Todi’s imposing melodic structure, which, technically speaking, includes four minor seconds, two minor thirds, and one major second.

Thinking back to this sudden transformational response to Todi, I believe the reason I did not connect to the recordings I heard was because I did not respond emotionally to the rasa that was being projected, thus rendering any technical appreciation superfluous, and all this made me feel I simply was not attracted to the raga. However, as mentioned, once I began composing within Todi, I found a deep connection both expressively and technically.

When I began contemplating my composition, the unusual melodic shape and rasa of Todi led to selecting a clarinet and trumpet timbre together with another major influence – Baroque music – expressed by a harpsichord timbre.

The alap of Todi features clarinet colored with a rain stick, and the jor and jhala introduce the harpsichord and trumpet, respectively. A gamelan bell slides through Todi’s swaras at one point in the jhala, providing a contrasting metal timbre to the trumpet.

Tabla and dhol are used together with the clarinet in the first gat, and the second gat combines Indonesian skin percussion with the harpsichord and trumpet. Todi’s third gat brings together the Indonesian and Indian skin percussion timbres serving as two composite drums playing Shiva and Shakti with each other.

Wind bells shimmer the beginning and ending of Todi with glissandos through the raga’s swaras, and two tanpuras sound throughout the composition.

- Michael Robinson, December 2009, Los Angeles

© 2009 Michael Robinson All rights reserved



released December 11, 2006

All music composed, programmed and mixed by Michael Robinson

Recorded and mastered by Catharine Wood at Planetwood Studios


all rights reserved



Michael Robinson Los Angeles, California

"Very nice - swings good! It's great doing the whole thing yourself. I just go in and play, and the rest is out of my hands." (Lee Konitz)

"He has amazing success bringing to life music performed by a computer." (Dean Suzuki, SFSU)

"No telling where he's going to spin off to, but he's an original." (Village VOICE)

"Michael Robinson makes great music." (Pandit Jasraj)
... more

contact / help

Contact Michael Robinson

Streaming and
Download help

Shipping and returns

Report this album or account

If you like Michael Robinson, you may also like: